After nearly three decades of armed conflict, Afghanistan had one of the lowest school attendance rates in the world, particularly for girls. In 2009 the Aga Khan Foundation started supporting 216 schools for boys and girls in the remote provinces of Baghlan, Bamyan and Badakhshan. The Foundation paid particular attention to six “reference” schools in districts where girls’ enrolment was amongst the lowest. As well as renovating the schools, it aimed to lay the foundations for a quality education for students of all ages. Since that time, the AKF programme has expanded to reach over 200,000 students and the graduation of girls from secondary school has increased ten-fold.