With the introduction of Free Primary Education (FPE) nationally in 2003, the net enrolment in primary education in Kenya increased from 69 percent in 2002 to 96 percent by 2009, as reported by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. However, despite such gains in matriculation, access and quality remain overarching challenges for the Kenyan education system. Teachers face large and over-enrolled classes, over-age learners and curriculum challenges. In addition, girls living in arid and semiarid regions and poor urban settlements have a particularly difficult time with educational access and achievement. This latter problem has been widely attributed to retrogressive cultural practices, limited infrastructure and female household responsibilities.