Long-necked plucked lute with raised frets used in Uzbek/Tajik and Uyghur classical music traditions. An Afghani variant has sympathetic strings.
Double-chested skin-topped plucked lute with multiple sympathetic strings used in urban music from theCaucasus and Iran (the Iranian version has no sympathetic strings), and now popular in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
A goblet drum from Persia. It is considered the principal percussion instrument of Persian music. The tombak is normally positioned diagonally across the torso while the player uses one or more fingers and/or the palm(s) of the hand(s) on the drumhead, often (for a ringing timbre) near the drumhead's edge. Sometimes tombak players wear metal finger rings for an extra-percussive "click" on the drum's shell.
Goblet drum commonly used in small ensembles that perform Pashtun folk music.