Accordingly, MSDSP works to promote higher value production by promoting improved inputs (including seed and fertiliser), machinery and relationships with traders and processors. The University of Central Asia complements these interventions with research and analysis on sustainable land management. In the livestock sector, MSDSP promotes community-based pasture management and improved fodder production. To improve animal health, MSDSP has established a network of 75 private and 34 public veterinarians, a government diagnostic centre, and a medicine cold chain that benefit 60,000 people (12,000 households). These interventions help to limit devastating disease outbreaks and increase the value of livestock. In horticulture, MSDSP has supported private nurseries, and the Pamir Biological Institute (PBI) in order to improve the quality and productivity of fruit orchards and increase opportunities for biological and conventional pest control. To date, MSDSP has established 27 orchards, (including cardinal cherry, almonds, apricot, apples and walnuts), and brought 20 hectares of land under production. The interventions in horticulture benefit over 20,000 people and have been supported by several international donor agencies.