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Humanitarian assistance
Tajikistan is prone to natural disasters as a result of climate change and its location along a seismic rift with approximately 93 percent of the country being mountainous. The Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) region, home to the Pamir Mountains, has some of the world’s largest glaciers and is extremely vulnerable to flooding, mudslides, rock falls, avalanches, landslides and earthquakes. Many communities within GBAO are also located in remote areas, making disaster relief efforts extremely difficult and often dangerous. Focus Humanitarian Assistance (FOCUS) has been active in Tajikistan since 1997. Its major efforts concentrate on fostering disaster-resilience in isolated mountain communities, strengthening the communities’ capacity to prepare for and respond to disasters, and enhancing the local and national government’s capacity to assess, prepare for and respond to natural disasters in a timely and effective manner. By applying a community-based approach and partnering with the Government of Tajikistan, Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defence (CoES CD), as well as other non-governmental agencies, FOCUS in Tajikistan seeks to reduce the risk of hazards and disasters that threaten local communities.