It also includes maternity homes in Mombasa and Kisumu which became full-service hospitals in the 1950s; and the Aga Khan Hospital in Nairobi ( which opened in 1958 and is now one of the leading hospitals in the region (it became an Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH-N) in 2005).
These institutions entered a new period of development when Kenya and Tanganyika gained independence in the 1960s. Today, AKDN operates around 100 health centres and four hospitals in East Africa, including the leading private not-for-profit hospitals in Kenya and Tanzania It delivers high quality care, in-service training, formal health sciences education programmes, care in the community, and public health services. The corporate clientele of its hospitals has given AKDN expertise in an important and neglected area of public health in the developing world - the promotion of workers' health.
Both AKUH-N and the Aga Khan Hospital in Dar es Salaam (AKH-Dar) are teaching hospitals, offering selected postgraduate medical education programmes. They have expanded in recent years, including an increase in the number of beds. The simultaneous expansion of ambulatory services and day care allows for the provision of more cost-effective care.
The expansion programmes emphasise the introduction of new diagnostic services, which will improve the function of both hospitals as referral centres. For example, programmes for the development of clinical specialties, including investments in non-communicable diseases such as cardiology, oncology and traumatology, are increasing the range of secondary and tertiary services that these hospitals are able to offer their patients.
The high quality, high-technology heart and cancer programmes and the laboratory medicine and radiology services are also enhancing the capability of AKH-Dar to provide referral services in Tanzania (providing patients with the option to seek care ‘at home’ rather then in another country or region). . AKUH-N, which is closely linked with the AKUH in Karachi and to other hospitals through an integrated health network in East Africa, is developing its services so that it strengthens the whole health sector in the country and the region.