The Building and Construction Improvement Programme (BACIP) has designed over 70 energy-efficient and living condition improvement products such as these fuel-efficient, smoke-free stoves, which have been installed in various households in South and Central Asia. Established in 1997, by the Aga Khan Planning and Building Services, the programme has also trained entrepreneurs and more than 1900 artisans and crafts-persons in masonry, plumbing wiring etc.
The degradation of natural resources, especially the loss of foliage and forest cover, has been increasing at an alarming rate, causing land degradation and soil destabilisation which, in turn, has led to diminished economic prospects for residents and even the loss of life (due to mudslides and floods associated with deforestation). A main cause of this deforestation is use of wood in house construction and as a fuel.
In areas like Northern Pakistan, for example, an estimated 15 percent of all household income is spent on heating, cooking and house maintenance needs. BACIP was set up as a research and extension programme to respond to this challenge. As a result of its applied research, solution development, field testing and market development, BACIP has developed more than 40 different types of energy-efficient and home-improvement products during the past 10 years.
BACIP designed energy efficient and living condition improvement products have been installed in over 30,000 households. Some key BACIP products include:
- Fuel-efficient stoves with water warming facilities attached that use the same fuel;
- Roof hatch windows, double glased windows which allow for more light while conserving heat;
- Floor insulation, wall insulation and roof treatment techniques for thermal efficiency;
- Light-weight and low-cost galvanised iron wire reinforcements for walls to strengthen housing structures against earthquakes;
- Solar cookers and solar water heaters for fuel conservation.
- When applied, BACIP techniques and products can, on average:
- Reduce biomass consumption of up to 60 percent - approx. 3.3 tons/ per month or US $ 30-36 / month
- Reduce the incidence of ARI, pneumonia and other health related disease in women and children by up to 50 percent (especially during winters)
- Save health related household expenditure amounting to approximately US $ 58/ annum
- Increase household disposal income by 25 percent
- Reduce recurring house maintenance cost by 10 percent