Arts of the Book: Illustrated Texts, Miniatures
Manuscript Of The Judgements Of The Greek Philosophers: Socrates And Aristophanes
Iraq or Syria
13th-14th century CE, with later additions
Materials and technique
Ink, opaque watercolour, and gold on paper
20.6 x 15 cm
The two turbaned figures are labelled Saqrat and Aristajanis in this folio from an Arabic manuscript based on the judgements of Greek philosophers. The figures may be identified as the Greek philosopher Socrates (469-399 BCE) and the contemporary Greek playwright Aristophanes (±450-±386 BCE). Their depiction is similar to what one finds in illustrations of Dioscorides’ De Materia Medica and other Greek manuscripts produced under the mediaeval Baghdad or Damascus schools of painting.
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