Arts of the Book: Manuscripts, Folios, Bindings
Qur’an Folio In Maghribi Script
Almohad, early 13th century CE
Materials and technique
Ink, opaque watercolour, and gold on paper
32.6 x 25.6 cm
In the western Islamic world, a distinct round style of script with generous, sweeping curves of descending letters had developed by the mid-tenth century (Déroche 1999, pp. 239-41; Blair 2006, p. 223). Known as maghribi, this script was employed in Al-Andalus and the Maghrib, modern-day Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Maghribi-script Qur’ans are usually written in brown or black ink with elaborate illumination in gold. Some, like this one, are on tinted peach-pink paper believed to have been produced in Jativa, site of the earliest documented paper mill in Spain (Fraser and Kwiatkowski 2006, p. 64). The systems used for vocalisation, pointing, and orthography are also peculiar to maghribi script. This Qur’an folio is an elegant example of how the script had evolved by the early thirteenth century.
© 2007 The Aga Khan Development Network. This is the only authorised Website of the Aga Khan Development Network.