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Reconstruction of Nahr el-Bared Refugee Camp

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Technical Information

  • Award Cycle:
    Status:
    Shortlisted
    Location:
    Tripoli, Lebanon
    Client:
    United Nations Relief & Works Agency (UNRWA), Beirut, Lebanon
    Architect:
    United Nations Relief & Works Agency (UNRWA), Nahr el-Bared Reconstruction Commission for Civil Action and Studies (NBRC)
    Design:
    2008
    Size:
    190000 m²
    Completed:
    2011

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Reconstructing a camp of 27,000 refugees which was 95% destroyed during the 2007 war involved a planning effort with the entire community, followed by a series of eight construction phases. Limited land and the exigency of recreating physical and social fabrics were primary considerations. Established in 1948, the camp followed the extended-family pattern and building typology of the refugees villages. In a layout where roads provided light and ventilation, the goal was to increase non-built areas from 11% to 35%. It was achieved by giving each building an independent structural system allowing for vertical expansion up to four floors on a reduced footprint.