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The Award Presentation Ceremony was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Koudougouâ€™s central market combines a covered hall with space for 624 stalls with a further 125 buildings containing 1'195 shop units, the vast majority of them small spaces of only 6.20 square metres. By virtue of its size, the project provided an important training ground for local masons. The market buildings are made almost exclusively of a local material - compressed earth blocks - using traditional Nubian techniques of arch and vault construction. Such self-sufficiency was deemed particularly desirable in light of the increasing costs of imported materials. (Find out more)
Most high-rises in the tropics do not exploit the fact that the climate is gentler higher up. This 28-storey apartment block does, redeploying several climatic strategies used in vernacular construction. Cross-ventilation is achieved by the plan, with two apartments per floor. Projecting ledges and perforated metal cladding provide shade and conceal air-conditioning. A â€˜monsoon windowâ€™ - a bay window incorporating a sliding aluminium shelf - allows breezes in without rain. The building provides 48 apartments, 2 penthouses, a lap-swimming pool and parking. Its diverse curtain wall mixes planters, bay and casement windows, screens and sliding doors. (Find out more)
The basic strategy of this development project is not one of historic conservation but of developing the economic, social and administrative base to ensure the vitality and continuity of the city within its new regional context. The programme has two main components: technical assistance and financial assistance, allowing owners and residents of the historic city to restore, upgrade and maintain their buildings. The other task of the project is the revitalisation of the local economy. To date, about 100 owners have already renovated their houses. (Find out more)
The aim of the programme is to preserve the cultural and architectural legacy of the now-divided Walled City, provide the impetus for new private investments, enhance the quality of life, attract new residents, strengthen economic activity and, ultimately, re-establish the role of the historic centre in the contemporary city. The project is a European-funded initiative and executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS). Six main projects have been implemanted to date on both sides of the divided city. (Find out more)
A 16th-century Madrasa was restored following centuries of decay. Walls were rebuilt using limestone, baked brick and 'qudad' (a waterproofing mortar). The building was polished, re-plastered and an electrical grid was installed. Carved stucco decorations and tempera wall paintings covering the domes and prayer hall were also repaired. The ground floor has been turned into a museum, to commemorate the restoration work. As the first project of its kind in Yemen, it offered local workers the opportunity to revisit and learn traditional building methods. (Find out more)
A new European embassy in Africa is often an imposed (or at least imported) affair, using materials and human resources brought from outside. The Dutch Embassy in Addis Ababa is different. It was realised entirely by local contractors, using the only widely available local construction material, concrete, coupled with Ethiopian stone and timber for the interior finishes. The brief required new buildings for the ambassador's residence, chancellery and staff housing, and the renovation of the existing deputy ambassadorâ€™s house. Along the way (the project took eight years to realise) a small school was added to the programme. (Find out more)
Square Four Public Garden acts as a gateway to the Central District of Beirut. Its composition revolves around the framing and highlighting of two ancient ficus trees that â€˜have withstood the test of time and witnessed all that has passed before themâ€™. A raised pool, lined with pebbles of marble, introduces a contemplative element, creating a sense of quiet refuge on a small site surrounded by buildings. (Find out more)
This village school adapts the traditional materials of earth and bamboo to make them more durable. In terms of the earth construction, the most important technical advances were introducing a damp-proof course, adding a brick foundation and mixing straw into the loam. The potential of bamboo construction is demonstrated by the ceiling (a layering of bamboo sticks, bamboo boards and earth) and the first-floor walls and roof (a frame construction consisting of beams - four layers of joined bamboo sticks - and vertical and diagonal poles). The project was hand-built by local craftsmen, pupils and teachers working in collaboration with European volunteers. (Find out more)
Petronas University of Technology blends academic training with hands-on experience to produce graduates who will contribute to Malaysiaâ€™s industrial development. The design of the campus, akin to a town-planning project, brings together several medium-scale buildings: four-storey blocks for teaching and research, cafes and communal facilities, and a drum-like building containing a library and 3'000-seat multipurpose hall. Soaring crescent-shaped canopies - protection against strong solar radiation and heavy monsoon rains - cover the winding pedestrian routes that connect all the buildings. The exteriors are clad in locally sourced ceramic tiles, the interior cladding is formed by woven silk panels. (Find out more)
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