TIRAZ - Aga Khan Museum
Aga Khan Development Network
The Aga Khan Museum: Carpets and Textiles - Fatimid, 10th century CE  Place your mouse over the image
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Carpets and Textiles

Object name


Fatimid, 10th century CE


Materials and technique
Linen, tapestry woven silk

151 x 51 cm

Accession number


Tiraz refers to inscribed textiles, such as the robes of honour distributed by a ruler. It may also refer to the band of inscription on the textiles as well as the state workshops where they were produced (dar al-tiraz). The importance of clothing in Fatimid ceremonies created a constant demand for complete new wardrobes. The imam-caliph regularly outfitted his entire court with lavish new clothing for religious, civil, and military ceremonies. Egyptian weavers were kept busy making tiraz robes for both Fatimid and Abbasid caliphs at the same time. Few complete inscribed garments survive and the fragmentary nature of extant tiraz like this one makes it difficult to identify their specific context or function. The foliated kufic inscription of this textile fragment includes blessings to the Prophet Muhammad and the Fatimid imam-caliph al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah (r. 952-75 CE). The Arabic inscription on the textile reads: “In the name of God the Beneficent, the Merciful; may God’s blessing be upon Muhammad, Seal of the Prophets, and his family… from God… for the servant of God and His believer, Ma'ad Abu Tamim, the Imam al-Mu['izz]”.

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6 pieces found