Washington, March 2006 - The arrival of the March 2006 USA tour of Via Kabul: Central Asia Without Borders in Washington and New York (March 15- 19, 2006; see concert schedule for details) should change perceptions of one of the least known places on the planet. Geographically remote, Muslim, mountainous, and often troubled, the 'Stans have emerged from the ashes of the Soviet Union and their own civil strife to reveal traditions that will both delight and intrigue Western audiences.
Music of Central Asia Vol. 2, Invisible Face of the Beloved Classical Music of the Tajiks and Uzbeks The Academy of Maqâm.The tour - presented and curated by the Aga Khan Music Initiative in Central Asia - features three groups of performers: Tengir-Too, from Kyrgyzstan; The Academy of Maqâm, from Tajikistan; and Homayun Sakhi and Taryalai Hashimi, from Afghanistan (via California).
The tour coincides with the Smithsonian Folkways release of Music of Central Asia, Volumes 1-3, in March 2006. The innovative series, which will eventually comprise 10 volumes, includes a CD, a DVD with a documentary film on the featured musicians as well as interactive instrument glossaries and maps (click on images on right for PDF versions). The series is a co-production of the Aga Khan Music Initiative in Central Asia, a programme of the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, and the Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage.
It is appropriate that musicians be the ones to introduce this region to American audiences. Not only does the music offer the opportunity to reflect on ancient connections, but in Central Asian tradition, musicians hold revered positions as ambassadors and leaders. It also helps that the musicians presented in “Via Kabul: Central Asia without Borders” are the region’s leading exponents of their musical genre or style, although they remain all but unknown in the West.
The tour will start at the Freer Gallery’s Meyer Auditorium in Washington (March 15-16) and move to the Columbia University campus in New York for master classes and a concert (March 21). The tour will move on to Texas (March 24 at the Rudder Theatre in College Station), New Mexico (March 25 at the KiMo theatre in Albuquerque) and Ohio (April 4th at Miami University’s Hall Auditorium in Oxford).
The tour features the most celebrated Afghan rubâb player of his generation, Homayun Sakhi, a performer who fled his country after the Soviet invasion, developed a new musical style while living in exile in Peshawar, Pakistan, and now makes his home in Fremont, California.
The Tour also features an ensemble that represents the great geopolitical disjunctions of the Stalin era. The Academy of Maqâm, from Tajikistan, plays the Sufi-inspired court music of Samarkand and Bukhara, cities that are located in current-day Uzbekistan.
The Tour also reveals the effervescent music of the Kyrgyz mountain nomads in the form of Tengir-Too. The ensemble, led by Nurlanbek Nyshanov, plays oral-tradition songs, employing instruments called the choor and the kylkiyak, as well as the Jew’s harp.
Of particular note for those audiences who would like to experience recitation on a Homeric scale, Tengir-Too’s Rysbek Jumabaev channels the voice of a warrior in a thousand-year-old Kyrgyz poem thirty times longer than the Iliad. Mr. Jumabaev, who typically holds Central Asian audiences spellbound for eight hours or more, often stuns Western audiences (as he did earlier at Carnegie Hall) with his invocation of the horsemen of the 500,000-line Manas epic. The epic’s central theme is how the hero Manas holds off the Mongol hordes and other enemies.
Several of the musicians featured in “Via Kabul: Central Asia without Borders” made cameo appearances in the panoramic Smithsonian Folklife Festival of 2002, The Silk Road: Connecting Cultures, Creating Trust. The present tour, however, offers an in-depth look at the rich and diverse musical traditions of a region that is experiencing a cultural reawakening after decades of Soviet rule
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Homayun Sakhi. The outstanding Afghan rubâb player of his generation lives in Fremont, California, the American city with the largest concentration of Afghans. Homayun Sakhi grew up in Kabul where he studied the rubâb under his father in the traditional form of apprenticeship known as ustâd-shagird. In 1992, Homayun’s family moved to Peshawar, Pakistan, a refuge for many Afghans from the chaos that enveloped their country following the 1979 Soviet invasion. The unofficial headquarters of Afghanistan’s émigré music community there was Khalil House, an apartment building where thirty or more bands established offices. After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, many Afghan musicians in Peshawar returned to Kabul, but by this time, Homayun was on his way to Fremont, California.
Tengir-Too. The music of Tengir-Too (Too is pronounced like “toe”)—led by Nurlanbek Nyshanov, the 40-year-old innovator on traditional forms—fuses nomadic musical traits with European compositional techniques. As the Kyrgyz came under the sphere of Russian cultural and political influence, European musical forms and instruments supplanted local styles and traditional folk instruments. Though conservatory-trained, Nyshanov broke away from these Eurocentric models. His breakthrough occurred when he understood that, rather than rely on the academic conventions of ensemble music, he had to let his music “speak” in its own language.
The Academy of Maqâm. In Tajikistan, the impact of Soviet rule had a different effect on the music. Prior to the Soviet era, musicians in the multicultural cities of Samarkand and Bukhara drew audiences of Tajiks, Uzbeks, and Bukharan Jews. The performers were typically bilingual in Uzbek (a Turkic language) and Tajik (an eastern dialect of Persian). But with Soviet control, came a division of these intermingled cultures, leading to two distinct repertories. The Academy of Maqâm takes its name from the venerable tradition of classical or court music that spans much of the Muslim world from Casablanca, Morocco, to Kashgar in western China. Located in the Tajik capital of Dushanbe, Abduvali Abdurashidov’s Academy models itself on an older ideal of Islamic learning in which music is inseparable from poetry, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics.
The Aga Khan Music Initiative in Central Asia (AKMICA). The Aga Khan Music Initiative in Central Asia was created in 2000 by His Highness the Aga Khan to contribute to the preservation, documentation, and further development of Central Asia’s musical heritage. The Music Initiative pursues its long-term goals both within its region of activity and worldwide. In Central Asia these goals include revitalizing important musical repertories by helping tradition-bearers pass on their knowledge and craft; building sustainable cultural institutions that can eventually be maintained by local organizations and communities; and supporting artists who are developing new approaches to the performance of Central Asian music. Worldwide, the Music Initiative strives to increase knowledge about Central Asia’s music and culture, particularly among students, and to nurture collaborations among musicians from different parts of Central Eurasia and beyond. For more information, please visit AKMICA's website: http://www.akdn.org/Music
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